If until recently it could be argued that any tiptronic is an automatic, but not every automatic is a tiptronic, today automatic transmissions in their pure form are rarely found on new cars. In other words, from the type of transmission, tiptronic has been modified into the main function of almost any automatic transmission. Further we will talk about what a tiptronic is in a car in more detail.
What is tiptronic in a car and how did it appear?
To drive cars in various modes, a transmission was created. It is thanks to her that the torque is transmitted to the wheel group. Modern cars are equipped with mechanical and automatic transmissions. Car drivers who want to fully control the driving process choose a manual transmission, manual transmission, while others prefer an automatic transmission (automatic transmission).
In order for a car with automatic transmission to be able to control the dynamics during braking, when cornering, accelerating, downshifting, a tiptronic function has been added. Most car enthusiasts think that this is a separate device that is represented by the new transmission. But this is a misconception.
The system was originally used for sports cars. The name was patented by Porsche, which released in 1990 the first car with automatic transmission and manual transmission. In the future, other enterprises began to use this innovation, nicknamed it touch-tronic, espatic, steptronic. The name tiptronic became the final version, which is still used today. The system began to be actively used in robotic boxes, as well as variators. Today, this name more implies any automatic transmission that is provided with a manual gearshift adjustment function.
How to use the tiptronic
Lever for automatic transmission with tiptronic
Typically, the tiptronic is controlled using the automatic transmission lever. However, some models may be equipped with paddle shifters or steering wheel buttons.
To start the manual shift function, do the following:
- Move the gearshift lever to the right or left side, then the same lever can be moved forward - backward, switching up or down gear.
- If the vehicle is equipped with steering column switches or buttons marked "+" and "-". Then you need to perform manual switching with their help.
If the driver does not use the tiptronic, the system will operate in automatic mode, like a conventional automatic transmission.
See also: DSG gearbox: what is it?
How tiptronic works
Automatic transmission is based on the principle of a planetary gear, and a sequential gearbox operates in a sequential gearbox, allowing for high torque and transfer of the highest load, thanks to the tight connection. How to combine two principles in one device? No way. Therefore, the "automatic" and the reinforcement of the planetary gears are taken as a basis to ensure a rigid connection with each gear by means of a torque converter. Now the owner of such a car can experience sensations that are similar to the control of a sequential transmission, pushing the lever up, the driver sends a signal to the electronics to shift to a higher gear, and moving down to a lower gear. To do this, throw the lever to a certain position. Thus, all tiptronics are electronically controlled.
Video about tiptronic
See also: Gearbox CVT - what is it?
Pros and cons of tiptronic
Tiptronic control buttons on the steering wheel
Tiptronic system becomes more popular every day. On modern cars, almost every automatic transmission is installed with manual control. The reasons are the following advantages of the system:
- The driver can always switch to manual control in unexpected situations, for example, when braking by the engine, manually downshifting. This minimizes the chance of skidding when cornering, especially on slippery roads.
- The system is safe for overtaking, it does not allow the machine to switch to high speed.
- If the vehicle is equipped with a winter mode, then the tiptronic system allows you to move on an ice-covered road from second gear, avoiding slipping.
- Automatic transmissions do not quite like off-road, but switching to manual mode, you can safely move over bumps.
- All Tiptronic equipped models have an integrated safety system that monitors manual shifting and prevents engine damage. This function is not available on manual transmissions.
- Economical fuel consumption when compared to a conventional automatic transmission.
Tiptronic boxes have their drawbacks. Due to the introduction of the manual control function, the dimensions and weight of the structure have increased. The transmissions are activated with some delay.
In general, the tiptronic function allows an experienced driver to control the dynamics of a car, while maintaining all the advantages of an automatic transmission..