Car detailing: what is it

When buying a new car, every car owner wants it to stay as shiny and elegant as possible. However, over time, the lacquer coating fades, and the interior gradually gets dirty, even if the owner makes every effort to clean. Professional detailing of the machine can help to restore the original appearance. In our country, this service has not yet become widespread and is not provided at the proper level everywhere, since motorists have little idea of ​​what detailing is and what its result should be.

What is detailing

It is impossible not to admit the obvious fact: the service sector in the West is developed almost to perfection. One of the important areas of automotive service is detailing, or a set of procedures aimed at maintaining the appearance and interior of the car in perfect condition. As a rule, it includes professional washing, polishing paintwork, deep dry cleaning of the interior and treatment with various types of protective coatings.

Thanks to detailing, the car is kept in perfect condition, even after 10-15 years of daily use, it looks like it left the car dealership just a week ago. Of course, in the Russian climatic conditions it is much more difficult to achieve this impression than in Europe or the USA. Nevertheless, the use of modern polishes and protective coatings is paying off.

What is auto detailing for

As a rule, changes in the appearance of a car become obvious after three years of operation. The smallest scratches on the varnish remain after contact with small stones flying out from under the wheels of other road users, branches of trees and bushes, ice freezing on the body in winter, etc. But the main enemy of your car's paintwork is, oddly enough, the car wash.

An average car wash uses a non-contact foam wash method, after which the body surface is wiped dry with artificial suede. Unfortunately, it is this wiping that leaves the largest part of small scratches, because in the process of contactless washing, all particles of dirt are not removed from the body. To verify this statement, it is enough to leave the machine to dry naturally after washing once.

During wiping, the smallest hard particles damage the lacquer coating, leaving invisible scratches on it. With each new visit to the car wash, the number of scratches grows, and after two or three years they already cover the entire body with a dense mesh. The gloss of the varnish fades, and the body ceases to look glossy and well-groomed. To minimize damage, after non-contact washing, you must re-apply the foam and wash the car by hand with a special sponge. But what to do with existing scratches? Only professional detailing will help to get rid of them.

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What is included in auto detailing

Qualified Detailing is a complex of procedures that does not have strict regulations. Each car service independently determines the list of procedures and technology, not to mention the compositions used. However, the main steps and components of the process are the same for most similar services.

Detailing car wash

Before starting any work, it is necessary to clean the surface of the body from dirt and dust. The detailing washing is carried out as described above in two stages: the first is a conventional contactless washing, the second, after rinsing, is a gentle hand washing with a special washcloth. To remove dirt from difficult areas (grates, badges, etc.), a soft bristle brush is used. This method is called the "two bucket method". It allows you to remove almost all dirt from the surface.

Interior cleaning

High-quality detailing necessarily includes work to restore cleanliness in the interior. It's not just shaking out rugs and removing the most visible stains. In the process of detailing, washers get to the most inaccessible corners of the cabin, removing stubborn dirt from them. To make it more convenient to work, the seats are removed from the cabin. All surfaces are treated with cleaning compounds, achieving perfect cleanliness, after which modern protective coatings with a dirt-water repellent effect are applied.

Polishing the paintwork

Regular polishing is about covering small scratches with a transparent polish, so the result looks impressive, but does not last more than one or two months. Detailing polishing is the removal of the top layer of varnish, due to which micro-scratches are simply removed from the surface. For this, special pastes are used containing a finely dispersed abrasive. It is impossible to repeat the procedure often, since with each treatment the varnish layer becomes thinner and, in the end, completely disappears. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to use protective coatings.

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Application of a protective coating

The outer coating must protect the varnished surface from damage, including from the effects of dust and road dirt, rain drops, snow and snow removal reagents. The market for modern protective coatings is extremely wide, but all formulations are divided into three main groups:

  • based on polymers - the most affordable and least durable protection that lasts for 3-4 months and usually used as a seasonal remedy;
  • Ceramic based - premium protection with over seven years of service life and high performance;
  • hybrid-ceramic - middle class coatings with a durability of 3-5 years, protecting the body from dust, precipitation and road reagents.

A qualified detailing specialist selects the coating taking into account the composition of the paintwork, achieving its maximum efficiency. In addition to the body, glasses and headlights are treated with special compounds. However, the presence of a protective layer does not at all exclude the need for timely maintenance of the machine.